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ICONIC PHOTOGRAPHS, PUBLIC CULTURE, AND LIBERAL DEMOCRACY

No Caption Needed is a book and a blog, each dedicated to discussion of the role that photojournalism and other visual practices play in a vital democratic society. No caption needed, but many are provided. . . .

September 24th, 2007

Heads Up in River World

Posted by Hariman in no caption needed

I pulled this photo out of the Images in the News at the Chicago Tribune online a month or so ago:

otter-heads.jpg

Unfortunately, I’ve lost the photo citation, but maybe that will turn up. I’ve decided that the picture is too striking to be buried for want of a footnote. The paper knew as much, for the photograph certainly isn’t “News.” You are looking at four river otters swimming, something they do every day.

The image captures much more than four otters in the water. The silver sheen fuses light, water, and animals into a single, perfectly unified event. The otters are completely at home in the water, moving together with the flow of the river, the flow of all of nature’s energies. And yet they also look like they are made of molten metal, crafted forms emerging out of a bath of silver alloy. Caption it “Metal World” and you have a movie still. More seriously, the photograph alludes to the art and history of photography, as if a silver gelatin substrate has been beautifully brought to the surface of the image.

Whether you see the aesthetic unity of the image as the eloquence of nature or art, the question remains of what it has to say. And the otters aren’t so much at home as on the move. They seem to push purposively through the water, tightly coordinated, like a team or other work group. The four are entrained, and entrainment is both an important feature of social life and an artistic technique in photojournalism. Entrainment also can be suggested by mechanical reproduction of the same image, so once again the image channels the art, in this case, the aesthetic element and cultural anxiety marked by Walter Benjamin’s famous essay on “The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction.” This photograph provides the multiplied image within the frame rather than through reproduction of the photograph itself (as I’ve done), but it is the more fitting for that.

The photograph fundamentally isn’t about itself, however. I think the uncanny quality comes from the combination of the light, the entrainment, and the implicit analogy between one species and another. They are coordinated very much as humans can be: working together while each still exhibiting individuality. Although each is looking in a different direction, these four animals may look much more uniform than individuated, but that may be due to our inability to see them from inside their own social experience. Is the difference between humans and otters that they are much the same while we are each an individual person, or is that belief merely the mistaken result of our ignorance, our inability to enter their world? The photograph, which may have been selected for merely “aesthetic” reasons, poses significant questions about who we are and what we value.

Such comparisons may be more than academic exercises. The river otters are among the many species endangered with extinction. Seeing them as if they were artificial otters in some liquid metal bath of the future, perfect reproductions of the extinct species, makes me realize that they then could just as well be a team of specialized workers finely engineered for the industrial environment of that world. Looking at the picture again, I see the complexity and beauty of nature, and also a possible future that includes not only the otter’s extinction but ours.


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8 Responses to ' Heads Up in River World '

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  1. brendadada said,

    on September 24th, 2007 at 6:39 am

    That extinction is more explicit in that at first glance, these look like skulls being washed downriver after some event of genocide.

  2. trish fancher said,

    on September 24th, 2007 at 11:47 am

    You mention the mechanical quality of the photo and this is also what struck me. What I noticed first is the black voided eyes of the otters. There is no light or space there for me to connect with. The eyes are not that of subjects but of machines. They sort of remind me of a close up shot of the chain of my bike after I oil it.

  3. Ciarán said,

    on September 24th, 2007 at 12:31 pm

    Hariman, great post as per usual, but are you absolutely sure that these are river otters? One of the wonderful things about living where I do is seeing seals hunting or scavenging up the river or in the various harbours around the bay. These look far far more like them.

  4. Hariman said,

    on September 24th, 2007 at 1:21 pm

    Both comments are spot on. I look again and think, “how could I have missed that?” You’ve demonstrated how my “intuition” wasn’t a guess but rather a preconscious response to what is right there in the picture. Thanks.

  5. A. M. said,

    on September 24th, 2007 at 2:12 pm

    This is quite an incredible photograph. The black eyes seem like sockets, somehow alien to our notions of personality. They resist anthropomorphic metaphor.

    However, I believe that these are seals. I remember river otters as having external ears and a more slender build. But, I could be wrong…

  6. Hariman said,

    on September 25th, 2007 at 1:40 am

    They might be seals, for all I know. I remembered otters, but I could have fused one image with a different story in the news at the same time. Here the literal difference wouldn’t affect the symbolic and moral dimensions of the image, as seals also are endangered. In trying to track down the photograph’s citation, I was searching for otters and it may pop up during a search for seals. I can’t do that currently as I’m stuck on a very slow internet connection at a hotel in England. If anyone out there wants to try to find the citation for this photograph, go for it. And thanks to A.M. for the heads up.


  7. on October 1st, 2007 at 4:39 am

    [...] now we are in the 21st century. Again, I see a possible future world of post-human species where androids dream of electric sheep. By [...]

  8. John said,

    on March 15th, 2010 at 9:19 pm

    Definitely Harbor Seals.

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